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Population:

253.6 million

Area:

735,358 square miles

Capital City:

Jakarta
By 2019, Indonesia aims to provide universal healthcare to all of its more than 253 million citizens.

ACCESS Health began operations in Indonesia in 2012. Our focus is electronic health and the reform for universal health coverage. Indonesia has made an ambitious decision to provide universal healthcare to its more than 253 million citizens by 2019. ACCESS Health supports the reform through the Joint Learning Network, a forum that encourages policymakers and practitioners in Indonesia to learn from international experiences.

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Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional is a single payer public healthcare program designed to meet the basic healthcare needs of all Indonesians.

The national program covers primary care, as well as more expensive specialty care. Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional is funded by mandatory contributions from all workers and a government subsidy for those with low income.

The national health insurance program is administered by Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial Kesehatan. It must ensure that every contributor receives necessary medical care. Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial Kesehatan is now a not for profit entity. Four existing public health insurance programs are being consolidated. Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial Kesehatan is expanding services to previously uncovered populations. The national health insurance program began by providing coverage to 120 million Indonesians. Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial Kesehatan expects to add an additional ten million to twenty million enrollees during 2014.

The government plans to provide healthcare coverage to the entire population of Indonesia by 2019. Once it is fully implemented, Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional will be the largest national health insurance plan in the world.

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Healthcare Technology

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The government of Indonesia has developed an outline to guide the design and the implementation of the new insurance program. The new program builds on several fragmented insurance programs merged into a single payer. The plan does not detail how to integrate health information systems.

The development of common standards is necessary to allow the different health information systems to speak to each other – to be interoperable. A health data dictionary establishes the language that allows systems to speak to each other.

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