To meet the social care and healthcare demands of the aging population in Sweden, its government began to identify the care needs of the most fragile elderly in 2010. This is a case study of the Most Fragile Elderly project, launched in Sweden in 2011, and the project results.

The case study begins with an interview with Dr. Eva Nilsson Bågenholm, the national coordinator for elder care. The second part of the case study provides a background of the project. The third part includes a detailed breakdown of outcomes in five focus areas: preventive care, dementia care, end of life care, medications, and care coordination.

Although Sweden proves to be a leading country in elder care, the Most Fragile Elderly Project shows that there is great opportunity for improvement in all of these areas. Lessons learned can be applied to future healthcare policies in aging nations across the world.